Periodontal or gum disease left untreated, results in permanent damage of supporting bone,resulting in looseness of teeth and eventual loss.
Regular root-planing often helps to halt the progression of the disease thereby stablising the mouth.
However in some instances there are vertical bone defects in the jaws around one or more teeth that do not respond to root-planing.In these cases surgery or bone grafting can be carried out by adding synthetic or artificial bone to the jaw around the teeth to fill in these vertical defects,thereby preventing almost certain tooth loss.
This synthetic bone is made from chemicals found naturally in human bone.
Synthetic bone can also be used to fill defects in the bone around implants where they help to generate new bone,or to reduce shrinkage of the bone and gum at the time of tooth removal.